Marine National Park – History, Wildlife Safari & More

Marine National Park

Posted on Monday, April 15th, 2024 by Sidakbir Singh

Marine National Park is a biodiverse sanctuary located in the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat, India. Established in 1982, it is home to a wide variety of marine life, including sponges, corals, fishes, sea turtles, and the endangered dugong. The park also supports diverse bird species, including a significant flamingo colony. However, it faces conservation challenges due to industrial activities and recent bleaching events impacting its biodiversity.  

AttributeInformation
NameMarine National Park
LocationGulf of Kutch, Gujarat, India
Year of Establishment1982
AreaApproximately 162 square kilometers
EcosystemCoastal and marine ecosystem with coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, and diverse marine life
BiodiversityRich biodiversity with various species of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, birds, and marine mammals
Notable FeaturesCoral reefs, underwater caves, vibrant marine life, and rare species such as the dugong and the whale shark
Conservation StatusDesignated as a Marine National Park and a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance
ActivitiesSnorkeling, scuba diving, glass-bottom boat rides, birdwatching, and mangrove forest walks
AccessibilityAccessible by road from Jamnagar city; nearest airport is Jamnagar Airport
TimingsOpen year-round; timings for activities may vary based on weather and tidal conditions
Entry FeeVaries based on activities and tour packages
FacilitiesVisitor centers, interpretation centers, restroom facilities, and guided tours available

History Of Marine National Park

Marine National Park in the Gulf of Kutch is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kutch in the Devbhumi Dwarka district of Gujarat state, India. Established in 1980, it initially covered 270 km2 from Okha to Jodiya and was declared a Marine Sanctuary. Later, in 1982, a core area of 110 km was designated as a Marine National Park under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 of India. The park comprises 42 islands along the Jamnagar coast, many of which are surrounded by reefs.

How To Reach Marine National Park?

  • By Bus – To reach Marine National Park from Delhi Airport and Mumbai Airport by bus, you can first take a bus to the nearest city or town, likely Jamnagar. From there, you may need to transfer to another bus or take a taxi to reach the park.
  • By Flight – To reach Marine National Park by flight, you would first need to book a Flight to Ahmedabad, which is likely the Jamnagar Airport (JGA) in Gujarat, India. From the airport, you can then take a taxi or hire a car to reach Marine National Park, which is approximately a 2 to 3-hour drive away.
  • By Train – To reach Marine National Park by train, you can take a train from any Indian city to the nearest railway station, which is likely the Jamnagar Railway Station in Gujarat, India.

Best Time to Visit  Marine National Park

The best time to visit the National Marine Park is during the winter months, from November to February when the weather is pleasant and ideal for exploring the park’s diverse marine life and ecosystems. During this time, you can also enjoy activities like snorkeling, diving, and birdwatching. It is advisable to avoid visiting during the monsoon season, from June to September, due to heavy rainfall and rough seas.

Geographical Description Of Marine National Park

 Marine National Park is located in the Gulf of Kutch in the Devbhumi Dwarka district of Gujarat state, India. Situated in this coastal region, it was designated as a Marine Sanctuary in 1980 and further recognized as a Marine National Park in 1982. The park features a diverse range of marine flora and fauna, including coral reefs, sponges, jellyfish, sea turtles, and various fish species. The park’s unique location within the Gulf of Kutch contributes to its significance in marine conservation and biodiversity preservation efforts.

Flora & Fauna

In the marine environment, the park is home to over 70 species of sponges, 52 species of corals, 24 species of prawns, and more than 200 species of fish. The coral reefs are particularly vibrant, offering a stunning display of colors and marine life. The park is also known for its population of endangered species, including the dugong, which is a rare marine mammal, and the green sea turtle.

On the islands and in the coastal areas, the park supports a variety of plant species adapted to the coastal environment, such as mangroves, salt-tolerant plants, and grasses. Overall, Marine National Park is a haven for biodiversity, offering visitors a unique opportunity to experience and appreciate the beauty and importance of marine ecosystems.

Wildlife Safari

Marine National Park offers a unique wildlife safari experience, allowing visitors to explore the rich biodiversity of the park’s marine and coastal ecosystems. One of the most popular activities is a boat safari, where visitors can cruise around the islands and coral reefs, spotting a variety of marine life such as colourful fish, sea turtles, and possibly even the elusive dugong.

Another exciting safari option is a bird-watching tour, where visitors can observe a variety of bird species that inhabit the park’s coastal areas and mangrove forests.

For those interested in exploring the park’s terrestrial wildlife, guided nature walks are available on some of the islands, allowing visitors to observe the unique plant and animal species that inhabit these areas. These safaris offer a wonderful opportunity to experience the natural beauty and diversity of Marine National Park up close.

Accommodation and Safari Timings

For accommodation, there are government lodges and private resorts available in Sunderbans. It’s advisable to book in advance, especially during peak season. Safari timings vary but typically start early in the morning or late afternoon for the best wildlife viewing. It’s recommended to check with the lodge or resort for specific timings and to follow the instructions of the park guides for a safe and enjoyable experience.

Popular Tourist Spots

  1. Sajekhali Watch Tower- Offering a breathtaking view of the mangrove forests, Sajekhali Watch Tower is a popular tourist spot in the Sundarbans. It serves as an excellent vantage point for birdwatching and spotting wildlife, including the exclusive Royal Bengal Tiger. 
  2. Kalasha Island- Known for its pristine beaches and serene surroundings, Kalasha Island is a hidden gem in the Sundarbans. 
  3. Henry Island-: Henry Island is renowned for its clean beaches and picturesque landscapes. It offers a perfect retreat for nature lovers and beach enthusiasts. 
  4. Netidhopani-: Netidhopani is a historical site in the Sundarbans known for its ancient ruins and archaeological significance
  5. Burirdadri:- Burirdabri is a picturesque village in the Sundarbans known for its beautiful surroundings and traditional charm.

Best Places to Visit Near Marine National Park

  • Jamnagar– A vibrant city known for its beautiful temples, palaces, and bustling markets, Jamnagar is home to attractions such as the Lakhota Fort
  • Dwarka:- A sacred city for Hindus, Dwarka is believed to be the dwelling place of Lord Krishna. The city is home to the Dwarkadhish Temple.
  • Porbandar: Home to the Kirti Mandir, Porbandar is a memorial dedicated to Gandhi, and the Sudama Temple (dedicated to Lord Krishna’s friend Sudama).
  • Mandvi:- A coastal town known for its shipbuilding industry and the centuries-old Shyamji Krishna Varma Memorial, Mandvi is a must-visit destination.
  • Gir National Park:The only place in the world where you can see the Asiatic lion in the wild. Gir National Park is home to a variety of wildlife such as leopards, deer, & crocodiles. 
  • Somnath:-  Somnath is a sacred town known for its famous Somnath Temple, one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Some Travel Tips For You

  • Marine National Park, located in the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat, India, is the first marine conservation reserve in India.
  • Visitors can witness the park’s rich biodiversity, including coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, and various marine species.
  • To visit, obtain permits from the Forest Department in Jamnagar or tour operators.
  • Respect the park’s rules and regulations to protect its delicate ecosystem.
  • Enjoy activities like bird watching, dolphin spotting, and exploring marine life through glass-bottom boats.
  • Carry sunscreen, hats, and water, as the park can get hot and sunny.

Other Activities To Do in Ahmedabad

Explore the other places to visit in Ahmedabad and make your trip memorable and amazing. Tourism in Ahmedabad has everything to offer, enjoy it to the fullest.

  1. Dwarkadhish Temple – Visit this Dwarkadhish Temple dedicated to Lord Krishna, located in Dwarka, Gujarat.
  2. Pavagadh- Explore the historical site Pavagadh with its famous Mahakali Temple, located near Champaner.
  3. Sun Temple-Majestic Hindu temple, Sun Temple is dedicated to the Sun God in Modhera, showcasing stunning architecture.
  4. Manek Chowk-: Visit the very famous Manek Chowk in Ahmedabad known for its bustling markets, street food, and jewelry.
  5. Somnath Temple- An Ancient Hindu temple on the coast of Gujarat, Somnath Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines.
  6. Marine National Park- Discover the diverse marine life and coral reefs at this Marine National Park in Jamnagar.
  7. Places To Visit In Ahmedabad- Explore other places to visit in Ahmedabad such as Sabarmati Ashram, Adalaj Stepwell, and Maniar’s Wonderland Snow Park.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What activities can visitors enjoy at Marine National Park?

A: Visitors can enjoy activities like bird watching, dolphin spotting, and exploring marine life through glass-bottom boats.

Q: Are there any restrictions or permits required to visit Marine National Parks?

A: Yes, some parks may require permits or have entry fees. Its essential to check with park authorities or local tour operators for specific requirements before planning your visit.

Q: Is it safe to visit Marine National Parks?

A: Generally, yes, but its crucial to follow safety guidelines, such as wearing appropriate safety gear during water activities and being aware of any potential hazards, like strong currents or marine life encounters.

Other Popular Parks in India

To enjoy more wildlife in India, visit other famous parks in India. Here are some of the most famous ones – 

  1. Bandipur National Park:-Experience Karnataka’s stunning wildlife sanctuary Bandipur National Park, a haven for tigers and Asiatic elephants pleasing forests.
  2. Cubbon Park:-  Bangalore’s green lung, Cubbon Park offers a peaceful escape with plentiful flora and colonial-era structures.
  3. Sundarbans National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage site Sundarbans National Park, this mangrove haven in West Bengal is home to the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger.
  4. Gulf Of Mannar Marine National Park:  Explore India’s first marine biosphere Gulf Of Mannar Marine National Park, with its vibrant coral reefs and an array of marine biodiversity.
  5. Sanjay Gandhi National Park: A biodiversity hotspot featuring the ancient Kanheri Caves and rich wildlife, Sanjay Gandhi National Park is a must visit place.
  6. Tadoba National Park: Maharashtra’s oldest national park and tiger reserve, Tadoba National Park is an untamed treasure with diverse ecosystems and wildlife.

Other Popular Attractions in India

Get yourself a treat with an adventurous trip to India as tourism in India has everything to offer to everyone. 



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About Sidak | View Posts

A creative person by profession and by passion, Sidak Bir is an enthusiastic writer who adores his job. His passion for writing has inspired him to pursue writing as a career. His commitment to creating quality content shines through, offering readers a blend of enlightenment and knowledge in every piece. Because he reads, writes, travels, and has an enjoyable time, some people claim he is leading the best life possible. They're right because what more could a person possibly need!

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